Wednesday, March 30, 2011

Three Attempts to the Resurrection of Forestry Sector

Three decades, is a long enough time in the history of forest management in East Kalimantan. During that time there have been many events that could raise Indonesia as the world's largest timber producer. East Kalimantan forest exploitation, quite a lot of generating foreign exchange and become the biggest advocate for the execution of various development sectors.

Various forestry activities absorb a lot of manpower. But along with the decline in timber production, reduced planting activities (reforestation, afforestation and construction of Industrial Plantation Forest - HTI), and the timber industry activity in recent years, resulting in East Kalimantan forestry sector activity began to subside. Thousands of workers - ranging from power coarse, medium to professional labor (eg graduate of Forestry) was laid off or lose a job.

While in East Kalimantan, there are still a number of timber companies and timber processing industry, but to be able to rise up as in its heyday, when it is quite difficult. Therefore, the Government of East Kalimantan province in its development, strive to revitalize development in the forestry sector, in line with the vision to realize the Province of East Kalimantan as "Agro Industry and Energy Centre Leading Toward a Just and Prosperous Society."

It is now no longer Kaltim has great potential for forest and forest concession (HPH) is limited. But the next provincial government will attempt to build East Kalimantan forests through afforestation, reforestation and industrial timber estates (HTI) for critical forests, barren lands from fire, illegal logging and not priduktif it green again.

DEFORESTATION

East Kalimantan Province is an area of ​​20,865,774 hectares, comprising land area of ​​19,844,117 ha and 1,021,657 ha of marine area management. The total area of ​​forests and waters according to Minister of Forestry Decree No. 79/Kpts-II/2001, covering an area of ​​14,651,553 hectares. But from a research note, in East Kalimantan deforestation is reaching at least 325 thousand hectares per year, so now there are still quite a lot of critical land or no productive inside and outside forest area.

In line with the era of reform and the enactment of Law No.32 of 2004 and the Central-Local Fiscal Balance, then forest management in Indonesia are now also beginning to change. The orientation of forest management is now no longer solely for the purpose of profit, but was aiming at the preservation-oriented management. Similarly, institutional managers, not just the Ministry of Forestry, but has already started rolling into the province and district, in the hope desentra-zation is conceptually forest management will result in management of systems that are democratic, participatory and open.

Meanwhile, forest development are now oriented approach to sustainable forest development in order to realize the sustainability of forests and ecosystems, and the involvement of society at large. In this regard, the Provincial Government of East Kalimantan in 2010 and has launched a program Green Kaltim (Kaltim Green) with the obligation to plant one of five trees (One Man, Five Trees - Omfit), which until now has been realized about 5 million trees of the target of approximately 17 million trees in 2013.

Accordingly, the Governor of East Kalimantan H Dr Awang Faroek responded positively to each of the planting of trees as well as the success of the program Kaltim Green.

Although not the same as the previous era, but the future development of the forestry sector should regain its footing. If this sector rose again, so will many of the parties involved or absorbed in the existing employment.

For the rise of forestry in East Kalimantan at least three efforts that must be implemented in an integrated manner with relevant stakeholders and sustainable. First, planting activities (reforestation, afforestation and HTI) returned must be enhanced with the support of government funding, private and banking.

Second, large-scale industries can not be relied upon again, to the open business opportunities through industrial-scale timber industry by creating small and medium enterprises for the purpose of product diversification and local and export markets.

Third, research and development (R & D) Forestry and research institutes in universities and other institutions should play a role by generating maximum science and technologies that can be applied directly utilized by the community.

This effort is not easy to be realized immediately. Need commitment and support of all parties, both at central and regional government, business, universities, NGOs, and various other components that exist in society. (Ri / hmsprov).