Thursday, November 24, 2011

Eceng Gondok and Livestock Manure As a Power Source

SAMARINDA - Kukar waters, especially lakes have the potential to generate electricity for the surrounding community by using environmentally friendly technologies. Of the 72,138 hectares of water area is overgrown with water hyacinth, capable of generating electric power by 10.72 MW.

"This is a potential that should be utilized for the prosperity of communities around the lake. But this potential has not been ogled, but the concept is very simple technology. We have done preliminary research on management of water hyacinth into electrical energy, "said Rudianto Amirta, lecturer at the Faculty of Forestry University Mulawarman (Unmul).

Through research conducted at the Clinic Unmul Cleaner Production (CPCU / ​​Cleaner Production Unmul Clinic), he and other researchers make use of water hyacinth as a base material of biogas through fermentation by microorganisms. Of biogas was later converted into electrical energy.

"If local governments are willing to exploit this potential, may be made a kind of pilot project (pilot project, Ed.). We are ready to share the research we've done for the sake of community service, "said the man who completed the S3 at Kyoto University, Japan.

Mentioned about the reasons for the use of water hyacinth, Rudianto explained if the growth of water hyacinth is so fast that sometimes disrupt the ecosystem of the lake and the waters in East Kalimantan. "The concept is basically looking for problem solving (problem solving, Ed.) Of the problems facing the region. Preferred solution that can generate potential benefits of government and society, "he said.

From the survey results revealed water hyacinth conversion into biogas supported the growth of water hyacinth that has been measured, so the potential to be done on a large scale. From the extent of public waters in Kukar around 199 407 hectares, about 48.2 percent is lake waters or area of ​​96,184 hectares and amounted to 76 lakes. About 75 percent or 72 138 ha of lake area was overgrown with weeds water hyacinth-dominated water.

"Not just change the water hyacinth biogas so, we also conduct research on water hyacinth growth. From a plot measuring one square meter sample known to the average weight for 5 weeks increased by 496 percent, from 0.81 kg to 4.83 kg, "said Sri Purwatiningsih, researchers in other CPCU said.

Of water hyacinth growth data was obtained 34.8 million kg of wet water hyacinth from the lake area of ​​72,138 hectares. If the humidity factor in Kukar at 0:07, then the weight of water hyacinth dry kiln is obtained as many as 2.47 million kg. "From the results of water hyacinth processing into biogas obtained 5.56 ml of biogas per day in each gram of water hyacinth. This means that every day gained 13.74 thousand cubic meters. Example of biogas that there were 65 percent pure methane gas, then gained 8.93 thousand cubic meters of methane gas, "said Yuliansyah, Director CPCU.

From the data it is unknown if the per cubic meter of methane gas equivalent to 700 ml of fuel to power generators 2 horsepower for 2 hours or equivalent to 1.2 kW of electricity, so that from 8.93 thousand cubic meters of methane gas will generate 10.72 MW of electrical energy.

"Seeing the increment value of production per day is so great, then this application can be done on the lake in Kukar. If Regency Kukar interested, of course we are ready to conduct cooperation in the implementation of this application of our research, "said Yuliansyah Rudianto and Sri Purwatiningsih together.

Wednesday, March 30, 2011

Three Attempts to the Resurrection of Forestry Sector

Three decades, is a long enough time in the history of forest management in East Kalimantan. During that time there have been many events that could raise Indonesia as the world's largest timber producer. East Kalimantan forest exploitation, quite a lot of generating foreign exchange and become the biggest advocate for the execution of various development sectors.

Various forestry activities absorb a lot of manpower. But along with the decline in timber production, reduced planting activities (reforestation, afforestation and construction of Industrial Plantation Forest - HTI), and the timber industry activity in recent years, resulting in East Kalimantan forestry sector activity began to subside. Thousands of workers - ranging from power coarse, medium to professional labor (eg graduate of Forestry) was laid off or lose a job.

While in East Kalimantan, there are still a number of timber companies and timber processing industry, but to be able to rise up as in its heyday, when it is quite difficult. Therefore, the Government of East Kalimantan province in its development, strive to revitalize development in the forestry sector, in line with the vision to realize the Province of East Kalimantan as "Agro Industry and Energy Centre Leading Toward a Just and Prosperous Society."

It is now no longer Kaltim has great potential for forest and forest concession (HPH) is limited. But the next provincial government will attempt to build East Kalimantan forests through afforestation, reforestation and industrial timber estates (HTI) for critical forests, barren lands from fire, illegal logging and not priduktif it green again.


East Kalimantan Province is an area of ​​20,865,774 hectares, comprising land area of ​​19,844,117 ha and 1,021,657 ha of marine area management. The total area of ​​forests and waters according to Minister of Forestry Decree No. 79/Kpts-II/2001, covering an area of ​​14,651,553 hectares. But from a research note, in East Kalimantan deforestation is reaching at least 325 thousand hectares per year, so now there are still quite a lot of critical land or no productive inside and outside forest area.

In line with the era of reform and the enactment of Law No.32 of 2004 and the Central-Local Fiscal Balance, then forest management in Indonesia are now also beginning to change. The orientation of forest management is now no longer solely for the purpose of profit, but was aiming at the preservation-oriented management. Similarly, institutional managers, not just the Ministry of Forestry, but has already started rolling into the province and district, in the hope desentra-zation is conceptually forest management will result in management of systems that are democratic, participatory and open.

Meanwhile, forest development are now oriented approach to sustainable forest development in order to realize the sustainability of forests and ecosystems, and the involvement of society at large. In this regard, the Provincial Government of East Kalimantan in 2010 and has launched a program Green Kaltim (Kaltim Green) with the obligation to plant one of five trees (One Man, Five Trees - Omfit), which until now has been realized about 5 million trees of the target of approximately 17 million trees in 2013.

Accordingly, the Governor of East Kalimantan H Dr Awang Faroek responded positively to each of the planting of trees as well as the success of the program Kaltim Green.

Although not the same as the previous era, but the future development of the forestry sector should regain its footing. If this sector rose again, so will many of the parties involved or absorbed in the existing employment.

For the rise of forestry in East Kalimantan at least three efforts that must be implemented in an integrated manner with relevant stakeholders and sustainable. First, planting activities (reforestation, afforestation and HTI) returned must be enhanced with the support of government funding, private and banking.

Second, large-scale industries can not be relied upon again, to the open business opportunities through industrial-scale timber industry by creating small and medium enterprises for the purpose of product diversification and local and export markets.

Third, research and development (R & D) Forestry and research institutes in universities and other institutions should play a role by generating maximum science and technologies that can be applied directly utilized by the community.

This effort is not easy to be realized immediately. Need commitment and support of all parties, both at central and regional government, business, universities, NGOs, and various other components that exist in society. (Ri / hmsprov).

Kaltim Forest Damage Reaches 8.1 Million Hectares

SAMARINDA - East Kalimantan Deforestation increasingly apprehensive, based on data from East Kalimantan Forest Service in 2004 indicates a damaged area of ​​forest resources to reach 6.4 million hectares and in 2009 increased to 8.1 million hectares, including the destruction of mangrove forests in the area of ​​the Mahakam Delta.

"Deforestation Kaltim in 2004 reached 6.4 million hectares with an average damage rate of 350 thousand hectares per year. The damage continues, so in 2009 is estimated at 8.1 million hectares of damaged forest East Kalimantan," said the Governor of East Kalimantan, Dr Awang Faroek H Isaac at the welcome dinner REDD Implementation Workshop participants, in the hall Lamin Etam, Monday night (21 / 3).

According to Awang, in order to address the occurrence of damage to forest areas which have a negative impact on the environment, especially climate. East Kalimantan provincial government to do the necessary steps to reduce deforestation and forest degradation.

Important steps are among others that include aspects of institutional, sectoral empowerment and improving the welfare of society as well as cooperation with various stakeholders.
From the policy side, East Kalimantan provincial government tried to synergize the development-oriented approach to improving the welfare of society, while still considering aspects of environmental sustainability.

This was stated in East Kalimantan provincial government's vision, namely "To materialize as Central Kalimantan Agro Industry and Energy Leading Toward a Just and Prosperous Society." Concretely, the government's policy was stated in the activities of which are summarized in the program "Kaltim Green".

"Kaltim Green is a regional program that has the policies, governance and development that provides social and ecological protection of the community. As well as providing long-term guarantee of the safety and welfare of society and sustainable environment," he explained.
Declaration Green Kaltim (Kaltim Green) in January 2010 and then as a result of Kaltim Summit meeting. Through this declaration has been programmed to move one person to plant five trees (one man five trees) and to date has planted 4.83 million trees.

However, the East Kalimantan provincial government aware of these efforts are not without problems and constraints, especially concerning human resources and budget as well as institutional support that has not been firmly established.

"Accordingly, the need for enhanced cooperation with various related parties for the development of climate change programs, particularly in the area of ​​East Kalimantan REDD can be done well," please Awang Faroek. (Yans / hmsprov).

Photo: Governor of East Kalimantan, Dr Awang Faroek H Ishak, continue to encourage the planting of trees including the types of local fruits as an effort to succeed in the program Kaltim Green. (Yayan / humasprov)

Monday, January 10, 2011

Kaltim Change 675 Million Forest To Plantation

SAMARINDA: Integrated Team Revised Land Use Plan recommends the Province of East Kalimantan 675.3 thousand hectares of cultivation area of Forestry (CBC) to Non-Forest Areas Cultivation (KBNK). The amount is approximately 35.88% of the originally proposed area of 1.88 million hectares.

"This recommendation was increased 17.69 percent from the integrated team exposure on 13 October 2009 and which accommodates only 342 square KBNK Kaltim. 117 hectares or only 18.19 percent of the total proposed in RTRWP it," said Governor of East Kalimantan, Awang Faroek Isaac, Thursday .

This was revealed when Awang Faroek Isaac have a meeting with the Integrated Team Revised Revised Provincial Spatial Plan (RTRWP) Kaltim and 14 government district in East Kalimantan at the Hotel Borobudur, Jakarta on November 2, 2010.

"At the meeting, we (pemeritah provincial and district / city) agreed to ask the integrated team to conduct a study to look at the facts on the ground and consider that the society existed long before the designation of forest area and forest cultivation area (CBC) is now a desert weeds and barren land and no more activity in the region, "he said.

"Another thing that needs to be considered ie, permit holder HPH / HTI does not carry out his duties but in reality is retained as the CBC," said Awang Faroek Isaac.

In principle, the Governor further Kaltim, 11 districts have received the results of an integrated team work so had to continue on the public test and submitted to Parliament, while three districts namely Regency, West Kutai and East Kutai, has not accepted the recommendations of the reason is still there are different points of view concerning the substance of the criteria to be KBNK CBC changes.

Although in general have been approved but said Awang Faroek Isaac, East Kalimantan provincial government continue to provide records to an integrated team to make adjustments to various considerations, both aspects of biophysical, legal and social.

"We hope that the recommendations of an integrated team that can still be changed because the utilization of forest areas can not be avoided as the space requirements for regional development, both for residential purposes, the central government offices, public facilities and infrastructure development and construction of the border as a national strategic area," he said.

"The low percentage of an integrated team also recommended due to the different maps and facts on the ground and support them (unified team) also collided with the applicable legislation, for example, forests can not be used for plantation, but why it can be used for mining which may cause opening of land cover, "said the Governor of East Kalimantan.

Though it still says Governor of East Kalimantan, plantation crops like oil palm, rubber and cocoa can be a land cover.

"We believe, plantation crops provide income and livelihoods and well able to maintain the environment so there needs assessments for the harmonization of legislation in order to become one of the considerations in the use of CBC into KBNK," said Awang Faroek Isaac.

However, the East Kalimantan provincial government will still accept the recommendation of an integrated team to utilize optimally.

"We are optimistic, the recommended land area of an integrated team that can still be changed because there is still public testing process. However, if the land area that is final we will still be used optimally," said the Governor of East Kalimantan. (Ant/OL-3)